Exercises to Fix Flat Feet: A Step-by-Step Guide

By Kian
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As we go about our daily lives, we often take the importance of our feet for granted. They connect us to the ground, support our body weight, and enable our movements.

Today, we’ll explore an often-overlooked condition, flat feet, and discuss its implications, symptoms, and how to address it from the comfort of your home.

I. Understanding Flat Feet: A Closer Look

Flat feet, medically termed ‘pes planus’, is a common condition characterized by the absence or reduction of the arch in the foot. When you stand, the entire soles of your feet come into contact with the ground, which isn’t the case in a normal foot structure.

There are two types of flat feet – rigid and flexible. Rigid flat feet are those where the arch is missing both when the person is sitting and standing. On the other hand, flexible flat feet appear flat when the person stands, but an arch appears when they sit or when they rise onto their toes.

The symptoms of flat feet can vary. Some people might not experience any discomfort, while others may feel a range of symptoms, such as foot pain, particularly in the arch or heel area, feet that tire easily, back and leg pain, or even difficulty moving their feet.

II. More Than Just Feet: The Impact of Flat Feet

The issues with flat feet don’t stop at your ankles. Our feet serve as the foundation for our body, and any discrepancy in their structure can impact our whole body alignment. When the arch of your foot collapses, your ankles roll inwards, a process known as pronation. This misalignment can travel up the body’s kinetic chain, affecting your knees and hips.

The inward rotation of your ankles can cause your knees to move towards each other, a condition known as knee valgus. This unnatural position can increase the risk of knee injuries, like an ACL tear.

Furthermore, as your knees misalign, your thigh bones, or femurs, shift position, potentially leading to hip discomfort and other issues.

III. The Journey to Better Foot Health

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Having explored what flat feet are and how they can impact our body, we’re ready to embark on the journey towards better foot health. It’s crucial to understand that flat feet can indeed cause issues, but there are accessible and manageable solutions to mitigate these problems.

In the following sections, we’ll walk through various methods designed to alleviate the challenges associated with flat feet. We will begin by learning how to massage the foot to relieve tightness and discomfort, then move on to strengthening exercises specifically designed to bolster the muscles in your feet. Finally, we’ll explore some exercises to enhance your ankle mobility.

It’s essential to note that these exercises are not a one-size-fits-all solution. If you are dealing with severe flat feet symptoms or have been diagnosed with rigid flat feet (where the arch is always flat, whether bearing weight or not), these exercises might not be appropriate, and it’s crucial to seek advice from a professional healthcare provider.

IV. Loosening Up Your Arch

Before we get to the strengthening part, it’s important to loosen up those foot muscles and alleviate any tightness or discomfort you might be experiencing due to flat feet. One effective way to do this is through self-massage, particularly of the arch of your foot. Here’s how to do it:

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  • Find a small, hard ball like a lacrosse or golf ball for this exercise.
  • Place the ball on the ground and position your foot on top of it under your arch.
  • Apply gentle pressure and roll the ball up and down your foot, from your heel to the base of your toes.
  • Concentrate on areas that feel particularly tight or tender.
  • Spend about three to five minutes massaging each foot.

This exercise can help relieve tension and tightness in your arches, preparing them for the following strengthening exercises.

V. Building Arch Strength

Now that our foot muscles are warmed up, it’s time to strengthen them. Remember, stronger arch muscles can help combat the challenges of flat feet. Here are two exercises to help you do just that:

A. Towel scrunches

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  • Lay a small towel on a flat and smooth surface.
  • Place your foot at one end of the towel, keeping your heel on the ground.
  • Using only your toes, scrunch up the towel and pull it towards your heel.
  • Straighten the towel out and repeat the process once the towel is fully scrunched.
  • Aim to do this about 20 times for each foot.

B. Penny-pen exercise

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  • Gather a coin and a pen.
  • Stand with your foot flat on the ground and put the coin under your big toe joint.
  • Position the pen under the middle of your arch.
  • Try to press down on the coin without applying pressure on the pen. You should feel your arch muscles contracting.
  • Continue this exercise until your foot starts to tire, then switch to the other foot and repeat.

Both these exercises are designed to engage and strengthen the muscles in your foot, particularly in your arch, which can help promote better foot posture and mitigate some of the issues related to flat feet.

VI. Increasing Mobility: Ankle Exercises

Last but not least, we want to improve our ankle mobility. People with flat feet often lack adequate ankle dorsiflexion. This is an often overlooked yet crucial aspect of foot health. Let’s start with two simple exercises:

A. Wall ankle mobility exercise

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  • Stand facing a wall with your toes a few inches away from it.
  • Keep one foot in front and the other behind.
  • Try to touch your front knee to the wall without lifting your heel. Keep your foot flat on the floor.
  • Repeat this 10-15 times, then switch to the other foot.

B. Seated ankle dorsiflexion

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  • While sitting, extend one leg out in front of you.
  • Loop a belt or towel around the ball of your foot.
  • Gently pull on the belt or towel to bring your toes towards your shin. This movement is known as dorsiflexion.
  • Hold the stretch for 15-30 seconds, then release.
  • Repeat this for 3-5 times per foot.

These exercises can help improve the flexibility and range of motion in your ankles, further supporting your body in adjusting its alignment and alleviating the discomfort associated with flat feet.

Now that we’ve gone through our comprehensive routine, remember that consistency is key like any form of physical improvement. Practice these exercises regularly and pay attention to how your feet feel over time.

Personal Commitment and Persistence

Addressing flat feet is a journey that requires commitment and persistence. You can make significant strides towards better foot health by understanding the condition, recognizing its impact on your body, and regularly performing exercises to improve muscle strength and flexibility.

Remember, while these strategies can be very beneficial, results won’t occur overnight. It’s essential to be patient with yourself, listen to your body, and make modifications as necessary.

Please note that this article does not replace professional medical advice. If you’re experiencing severe symptoms or have health concerns, seeking advice from a healthcare provider is important. These exercises are supplementary tools and should be carried out responsibly.

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